Aims and objectives include assigning optimum seismic factors for buildings in different regions and long-term assessment of potential. [94] The Arabian Sea makes up the state's western coast. Gujarat has some of the major mountain ranges of India, including Aravalli, Sahyadri (Western Ghats), Vindhya and Saputara. Marwaris compose large minorities of economic migrants; smaller communities of people from the other states of India has also migrated to Gujarat for employment. Around 0.1% did not state any religion. These [people] are [like] Italians in their knowledge of and dealings in merchandise ... they are men who understand merchandise; they are so properly steeped in the sound and harmony of it, that the Gujaratees say that any offence connected with merchandise is pardonable. After Narendra Modi became the Prime Minister of India in 2014, Anandiben Patel became the first female Chief Minister of the state. [17] It contains ancient metropolitan cities from the Indus Valley such as Lothal, Dholavira and Gola Dhoro. 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AR Drachm (25 mm, 3.84 g, 9h)", "Blame the British Raj on bankers – Livemint", WINGS Birding Tours to India: the West – Gujarat and the Rann of Kutch – Itinerary, "Excerpted from 'Indira Gandhi, the "emergency", and Indian democracy' published in, "Book on 1979 Morbi dam disaster rubbishes 'Act of God' theory", "Death sentence for Akshardham temple attack convicts upheld", "Census of India Website : Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India", "Welcome to Indian Institute of Sindhology", "Population by religion community – 2011", "Language – India, States and Union Territories", "C-16 Population By Mother Tongue - Gujarat", "52nd REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER FOR LINGUISTIC MINORITIES IN INDIA", "52nd Report of the Commissioner for Linguistic Minorities in India", State Govt Announces 23 New Talukas – DNA : Daily News & Analysis | HighBeam Research, "Raman Singh breaks Modi's record to be longest serving BJP CM", "Narendra Modi to complete 12 years as Gujarat's chief minister tomorrow", "Reliance commissions worlds biggest refinery", "Claim Check: Narendra Modi on Gujarat's Jyotigram Yojana", "Executive summary of month of November 2015", "Survey says Gujarat has lowest unemployment; Narendra Modi is 'delighted, "India's tallest proposed building Diamond Tower showcased (video)", "In pictures- The Next Decade's fastest growing cities", "In Pictures: The Next Decade's Fastest-Growing Cities", "The rise and rise of Belgium's Indian diamond dynasties", "Vibrant Gujarat sees one foreign investor, the Business Standard", "Gujarat aims at 15% industrial growth: Rediff.com Business", "How Gujarat became a power surplus State", "Gujarat sold surplus power to 12 states", "Tata Power commissions 25 MW solar project in Gujarat", "Next-Gen Solar Energy Hub: Gujarat, India: Story of Capacity allotment of solar power projects in Gujarat", "Gujarat State Renewable Energy Policy: Solar", "Agriculture and Co-operation Department, Government of Gujarat: Information, Statistics", "Gujarat's agriculture turnaround an eye opener for the entire nation: Dr. Kalam", "About Gujarat State Agriculture Marketing Board", "Amul to become world's largest liquid milk brand-Food-Cons. As per the results of livestock census 1997, there were 20.97 million head of livestock in Gujarat State. It is spoken natively by 86% of the state's population, or 52 million people (as of 2011). Dhuvaran has a thermal power station, which uses coal, oil, and gas. Almost 88% of the Gujarati Muslims speak Gujarati as their mother tongue, whilst the other 12% speak Urdu. and bore written witness account that more than 10,000 Arab Muslims from Siraf (Persia) Madha in Oman, Hadhramaut in Yemen, Basra, Baghdad, and other cities in the Middle East, had settled in the seaport of Chamoor, a port close to Bharuch. Well known laureates of Gujarati literature are Hemchandracharya, Narsinh Mehta, Mirabai, Akho, Premanand Bhatt, Shamal Bhatt, Dayaram, Dalpatram, Narmad, Govardhanram Tripathi, Mahatma Gandhi, K. M. Munshi, Umashankar Joshi, Suresh Joshi, Swaminarayan, Pannalal Patel and Rajendra Shah.[149]. Al-Junaid, the successor of Qasim, finally subdued the Hindu resistance within Sindh and established a secure base. As per details from Census 2011, Gujarat has population of 6.04 Crores, an increase from figure of 5.07 Crore in 2001 census. Chief Minister on 7 August 2016 after Anandiben Patel resigned earlier on 3 August. Gujarat was a major center of Indian Ocean trade, and their capital at Anhilwara (Patan) was one of the largest cities in India, with population estimated at 100,000 in the year 1000. As access to electricity in rural areas increased, submersible electric pumps became more popular in the 1980s and 1990s. Total population of Gujarat as per 2011 census is 60,439,692 of which male and female are 31,491,260 and 28,948,432 respectively. [18] The ancient city of Lothal was where India's first port was established. At the time of his birth, his father, Shah Jahan, was then the Subahdar (governor) of Gujarat, and his grandfather, Jehangir, was the Mughal Emperor.

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