Cetus and her sibling Phorcys had many children of their own, including the Graiae (the three grey witches with one eye and one tooth shared among them), the three Gorgons (the best known being the snake-haired Medusa, who would later give birth to the winged-horse Pegasus), Echidna (a serpent-bodied monster who in turn produce many other well-known monsters such as the Nemean Lion, the Chimera, the Hydra, the Sphinx and Cerberus) and Ophion. In conclusion, the whole myth is about the cosmic birth of the universe, gods and man. Share this: Hesiod’s Theogony is mainly about the birth of the gods and the universe. He too was defeated by Zeus, however, who trapped him underneath Mount Etna. News And Information From Around The World. Apart from being stronger and assertive it portrays the male gender as one characterized by violence and the urge to dominate. Zeus’ fifth wife was the Titan Mnemosyne, from whom came the nine Muses, Clio (History), Euterpe (Music), Thalia (Comedy), Melpomene (Tragedy), Terpsichore (Dance), Erato (Lyric Poetry), Polyhymnia (Choral Poetry), Urania (Astronomy) and Calliope (Heroic Poetry). There are various alternative spellings for many of the names mentioned here. Interestingly, Hesiod claims in the work that he (a poet, and not some mighty king) had been given the authority and responsibility of disseminating these stories by the Muses directly, thus putting himself almost in the position of a prophet. However, with the help of Gaia and Ouranos, Rhea managed to trick Kronos into saving Zeus from this fate, and then to further trick him into vomiting up his other five children. Zeus’ sixth wife was the second generation Titan Leto, who gave birth to Apollo (the god of music, poetry and oracles, who was born on the floating island of Delos after Hera had banned Leto from giving birth on earth) and his twin sister Artemis (goddess of the hunt, childbirth and fertility). (N.B. Zeus’ second wife was the Titan Themis, who bore the three Horae (the Hours, goddesses controlling orderly life), Eunomia (Order), Dike (Justice), Eirene (Peace), Tyche (Prosperity) and the three Moirae (the Fates, white-robed personifications of destiny, namely Klotho the Spinner, Lachesis the Alotter and Atropos the Unturned, an alternative version of their parentage to their creation by Nyx). Zeus, now established as king of the Olympian gods, first married the Oceanid Metis, but, in order to avoid a prophecy that any offspring of his union with Metis would be greater than he, Zeus swallowed Metis herself to prevent her from giving birth. However, the separations and unions among the two show that there is a need for duality to exist so as to have the creative forces manifestation. English translation by Hugh Evelyn-White (Internet Sacred Text Archive): Greek version with word-by-word translation (Perseus Project): Passer, deliciae meae puellae (Catullus 2), Vivamus, mea Lesbia, atque amemus (Catullus 5), Miser Catulle, desinas ineptire (Catullus 8), http://www.sacred-texts.com/cla/hesiod/theogony.htm, http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text.jsp?doc=Perseus:text:1999.01.0129. page 12 note 1 The only earlier instance cited in L.S.J, s.v. This symbolizes that man’s origin as well as that of the gods lied in mother-nature that bore all creation. Typhoeus was one of the most grotesque and deadly monsters of all time, reaching as high as the stars, his hands reaching east and west with a hundred dragon heads on each, his bottom half composed of gigantic hissing viper coils, and his whole body covered in wings and with fire flashing from his eyes. Ouranos was so disgusted with the Hecatonchires that he pushed them back into Gaia’s womb, so Gaia begged the Titans to punish their father. Only Kronos, the youngest and most ambitious Titan, was willing to do so, and he castrated his father with Gaia’s sickle. But she nevertheless had an affair with Ares and gave birth to Eros (Love), Phobos (Fear), Deimos (Cowardice) and Harmonia (Harmony).

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